Hotel, Motel, Tour & Business Guide:
Sta. Rosalia,
Baja California Sur 
Jens D Kolbowski
(el Aleman)
Feedback to the editor 
Fishing in general & weekly
Classified adds 
Where to Stay, Eat, get Service ? 
Santa Rosalia Immigration

now has an Sub Office in the fruit inspection building in Guerrero Negro. The office is open from 8 am to 8 pm, , to obtain a Tourist Card; you have to have proof of recent entry in to Mexico, any store receipt from the states or the ticked from the Toll road to Ensenada will do, also you have to have a Passport or Birth certificate witch will be stamped .You must have a Tourist Card or a FM3 to enter, visit or reside in Baja Sur, you are in violation if not having a validated tourist card, if you can not make it to G.N. from 8 am to 8 pm you better get one in Tijuana Or Ensenada. 

Baja Sur recently has been divided into 4 Immigrations regions

One for the Cabo San Lucas area up to but not including La Paz. The other is in Loreto. Senior Juventin Hernandez, formerly Sub Delegado, in charge of the Santa Rosalia Office is now Delegado for the La Paz region. I am toldI am told, we than can expect to have a much better and faster service for FM3s.  La Paz still will be the overseeing Office for the State of Baja Sur.


The AIRPORT in San Bruno / Palo Verde 
is sold to a private party who is trying to get a shuttel from/to the US going. No Gas is sold!!!  
Santa Rosalia 
Forty five miles south of San Ignacio is Santa Rosalia, a unique town located between two tablelands at the Sea of Cortes. Santa Rosalia shows off its French architecture with beautiful buildings, witnesses of the difficult history of a town which refused to die.  

In 1868 Josť Rosa Villavicencio discovered some odd blue and green deposits northeast of his ranch, which proved to be a type of high grade copper carbonate and oxides known as "boleos" due to their ball-like shape. He decided to take advantage of his discovery and sold his mineral findings to german interest out of Guaymas. A copper mine was build by them which they operated until 1885. 

On July 7, 1885 the French company El Boleo formed for the  the mining of rich deposits of copper. They acquired mineral rights to the area for 99 years, total tax exemption for 50 years and land rights to exceed 1,000,000 acres. In exchange, the company was obliged to build a town, port, and public buildings, to establish a maritime route between Santa Rosalia and Guaymas and create employment for Mexican workers. Thus, the town of Santa Rosalia was built with its wooden houses and its streets in regular blocks, unlike other towns that grew in a less planned fashion. A mining railroad and piers were built, and equipment for a smelter was transported in square-rigged sailing ships from Europe around the Cape Horn.  

The employment of Mexican workers was so successful that workers were attracted from all over. Unfortunately, there was a hidden form of exploitation as workers died of lung diseases and frequent accidents. In a single two-year period, 1,400 .workers lost their lives. Stories were told of low incomes, repressed strikes and contract abuse. Soot and gas from the smelter made the town almost uninhabitable, and there seemed to be only two choices, move the smelter or move the town. Instead, engineers worked out a unique solution, a tall stack was constructed 1/2 mile away and connected to the smelter  by a huge horizontal duct. 

In 1897 Iglesia Santa Barbara was erected. Designed by Gustave Eiffel in 1884 and pre-constructed for the World Exposition in Paris of 1889, it was purchased and shipped, unassembled across the Atlantic for assembly in Santa Rosalia.  

By the turn of the century Santa Rosalia was a major world copper producer, and a parade of square rigged ships carrying European coke to the smelter sailed up the Sea of Cortez. British ships owners, anticipating that the opening of the Panama Canal in  1914 would be unfavorable to sailing vessels, were selling off their square riggers, and the German flag ships became an increasingly common sight in Santa Rosalia. However, on August 1, 1914, Germany invaded Belgium. Three days later England declared war on Germany, and a dozen of the big German ships were interned by Mexico and spent the duration of the war swinging at anchor off the town. 

Major progress was made from 1914 - 1918 when other mining centers were opened. The mines were hot, dangerus and dirty places, "where men's hearts and bodies wilt almost as rapily as a bride's corsage," as Phillip Townsend Hanna put it. Almost 375 miles of tunnels were dug, forming a vast underground network, and more than 18 miles of narrow gage railroad track were in use.  

By 1938 production was declining and in 1954, after 53 years of continuous exploitation the mines were closed. The federal government then took over in order to provide employment for the town. It was the eve of the Santa Rosalia 100th anniversary when the mining company turned off its ovens for the last time.  
Now the town supports itself with gypsum and manganese production, tourism and marine activities. The beautiful French-style buildings have been re-modeled, the streets are paved and clean and the town boasts gardens and parks.  
Touring the town you feel the sensation of being in another space and time. You can see wooden houses with balconies and porches, the Municipal Palace, the French Hotel Frances, the Mahatma Gandhi Public Library , the Municipal DIF, the Morelos Garden where you can find one of the locomotives shipped over from Europe in 1886, as well as the ruins of the old smelting foundry. Finish your tour at the Panaderia El Boleo and enjoy the fresh boleos (rolls) and other baked goods.  
The town dresses up from October 10 - 22 each year to celebrate its founding with sports and cultural events.  
Santa Rosalia offers the visitor good hotels, restaurants and RV parks.   

Normal migration of fish are as follows:

Bonita (white):  Apr.-Aug.
Cabrilla: All year; closer to shore in the winter
Dorado: May - Nov
Grouper: All year; bottom fishing with bait
Halibut: All year; seldom fished
Jack Crevalle: Dec. - Apr.
Marlin: June - Sept
Pargo: Nov. - April
Pompano: May - Sept
Red Snapper: All year; bait or yo-yo
Roosterfish: Mar - Sept; a few in winter months
Sailfish: June - Sept
Sierra: Oct. - May; plentiful
Skip Jack: Dec. - Mar
Squid: All year
Triggerfish: All year; plentiful
Yellowfin Tuna: July - Dec.; scarce 
Yellowtail: Nov - Apr
Wahoo: June - Sept, scarce
Weekly Diving & Fishing report
Best lures
Rapala Bomber Micro lure,
Mean Joe Grenn for Sailfish& Marlin
Darts and Salas Jigs for yo-yo fishing
generally feathers used on warm water fish.